Тенденции и перспективы развития свободного ПО
We recently hosted a customer advisory board (CAB) meeting in Paris with many of our European customers to discuss best practices, trends and the future of FOSS in their organizations. Some of their observations shed interesting light on FOSS best practices, for example:
We had an in-depth discussion about best practices for rolling out a FOSS management and governance solution across the company. The discussion quickly centered on the automation capabilities and usability of the solution. A common goal of the group was to minimize the amount of time the software development organization spends using a governance solution  and maximizing the time they spend on developing, i.e., make it as integrated or “built in” to the development process as possible. Automation is critically important to relieving the burden of manual identification from software developers.
Integrating FOSS Management and Governance with ALM Infrastructure
Another hot topic was how to best integrate the FOSS management and governance solution with their existing application lifecycle management (ALM) infrastructure. In particular integration into source code management (SCM) and build tools was viewed as highly important in order to turn FOSS management and governance into an automated and standard development process.
Using FOSS in New Applications
The discussion also turned to how to make better proactive decisions on using open source in new products or applications. We agreed that selecting a FOSS project shouldn’t be based on technical merits alone. The size and activity of the community behind the project as well as commercial companies offering support were viewed as important criteria. But how can the developer get that information in an efficient way? Interestingly, there is a significant amount of information on FOSS projects and communities available on free site like Github and ohloh.net .
Understanding the need for company-wide solutions to managing and governing FOSS use is rapidly becoming a trend; one that is heartening for us all. The better organizations understand how to best utilize FOSS, the more likely they are to use it extensively and, in my humble opinion, innovation will soon follow! It’s time to move from reactive FOSS management to proactive FOSS use, and I’m happy to play even the smallest role therein.
 Full disclosure: The Black Duck Suite has a feature called RapidID that automates the identification of FOSS found in a code base.
 Black Duck owns Ohloh.net, the largest free public repository of OSS, and a vibrant community of software developers and open source users.
Анатольев А.Г., 25.09.2012
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