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Сетевые протоколы различных уровней модели OSI

Протоколы физического уровня

ADSL Asymmetric digital subscriber line

ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network

PDH Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

- T-carrier (T1, T3, etc.)

- E-carrier (E1, E3, etc.)

RS-232, a serial line interface originally developed to connect modems and computer terminals

SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy

SONET Synchronous Optical NETworking

Modem standards/ITU V-Series Protocols used to communicate between analog modems over voice telephone lines.

Various Ethernet physical layers

Протоколы канального уровня (Data Link)


CDP Cisco Discovery Protocol

DCAP Data Link Switching Client Access Protocol

Dynamic Trunking Protocol



FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface

Frame Relay

HDLC High Level Data Link Control

IEEE 802.11

IEEE 802.16


L2F Layer 2 Forwarding Protocol

L2TP Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

LAPD Link Access Procedures on the D channel

LLDP Link Layer Discovery Protocol

LLDP-MED Link Layer Discovery Protocol - Media Endpoint Discovery

PPP Point-to-Point Protocol

PPTP Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol

Q.710 Simplified Message Transfer Part

NDP Neighbor Discovery Protocol

SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol (obsolete)


STP Spanning Tree Protocol

Token ring

VTP VLAN Trunking Protocol

Layer 2+3 protocols

ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode

Frame relay, a simplified version of X.25

MPLS Multi-protocol label switching


ARP Address Resolution Protocol

RARP Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

Layer 1+2+3 protocols

MTP Message Transfer Part

NSP Network Service Part

Протоколы сетевого уровня

CLNP Connectionless Networking Protocol

EGP Exterior Gateway Protocol

EIGRP Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol

IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol

IGRP Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4

IPv6 Internet Protocol version 6

IPSec Internet Protocol Security

IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange

MPLS Multiprotocol Label Switching

SCCP Signalling Connection Control Part

Layer 3 protocols (Network Layer management)

IS-IS Intermediate system to intermediate system

OSPF Open Shortest Path First

BGP Border Gateway Protocol

RIP Routing Information Protocol

Layer 3.5 protocols

HIP Host Identity Protocol

Layer 3+4 protocols

Xerox Network Services

Протоколы транспортного уровня

AHAH Authentication Header over IP or IPSec

ESPESP Encapsulated Security Payload over IP or IPSec

GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation for tunneling

IL Originally developed as transport layer for 9P

SCTP Stream Control Transmission Protocol

Sinec H1 for telecontrol

SPX Sequenced Packet Exchange

TCP Transmission Control Protocol

UDP User Datagram Protocol

Протоколы сессионного уровня

9P Distributed file system protocol developed originally as part of Plan 9

NCP NetWare Core Protocol

NFS Network File System

SMB Server Message

Протоколы прикладного уровня

AFP, Apple Filing Protocol

BACnet, Building Automation and Control Network protocol

BitTorrent, A peer-to-peer file sharing protocol

BOOTP, Bootstrap Protocol

Diameter, an authentication, authorization and accounting protocol

DICT, Dictionary protocol

DNS, Domain Name System

DHCP, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

ED2K, A peer-to-peer file sharing protocol

FTP, File Transfer Protocol

Finger, which gives user profile information

Gnutella, a peer-to-peer file-swapping protocol

Gopher, a hierarchical hyperlinkable protocol

HTTP, HyperText Transfer Protocol

IMAP, Internet Message Access Protocol

IRC, Internet Relay Chat protocol

ISUP, ISDN User Part

Jabber, an instant-messaging protocol

LDAP Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

MIME, Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

MSNP, Microsoft Notification Protocol (used by Windows Live Messenger)

MAP, Mobile Application Part

NetBIOS, File Sharing and Name Resolution protocol - the basis of file sharing with Windows.

NNTP, News Network Transfer Protocol

NTP, Network Time Protocol

NTCIP, National Transportation Communications for Intelligent Transportation System Protocol

POP3 Post Office Protocol Version 3

RADIUS, an authentication, authorization and accounting protocol

Rlogin, a UNIX remote login protocol

rsync, a file transfer protocol for backups, copying and mirroring

RTP, Real-time Transport Protocol

RTSP, Real-time Transport Streaming Protocol

SSH, Secure Shell

SISNAPI, Siebel Internet Session Network API

SIP, Session Initiation Protocol, a signaling protocol

SMTP, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SNMP, Simple Network Management Protocol

SOAP, Simple Object Access Protocol

TUP, Telephone User Part

Telnet, a remote terminal access protocol

TCAP, Transaction Capabilities Application Part

TFTP, Trivial File Transfer Protocol, a simple file transfer protocol

WebDAV, Web Dist Authoring and Versioning

CC-BY-CA Анатольев А.Г., 11.09.2013